Gender discrimination is the unequal treatment of someone based on their sex.
In the workplace, gender discrimination is illegal if this discrimination affects the "terms or conditions of employment."
Some examples of workplace gender discrimination that are illegal include:
- Position (i.e., some women hit the "glass ceiling" and cannot hold certain senior positions);
- Job title and job description;
- Pay rate, scale, and how often an employee is paid or given raises;
- Hours that are required;
- Vacation, sick Leave, compensatory time, etc.;
- Any "Terms or conditions of employment" the relate to an employee's job; and
- Whether or not someone is offered a job or not offered a job based on their gender.
According to Pennsylvania Civil Rights attorney Leonard Keith Hill:
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 prohibits sex discrimination in wages between employees performing equal work, and it is an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. It covers nearly all employers covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act, regardless of race.
The Civil Rights Act of 1991 basically served to amend various federal discrimination laws. Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972: This law prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex by entities receiving federal financial assistance.